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Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Grade 1

Unit 1: Picture Details

Develop visual discrimination by

  • comparing shapes or pictures to find missing details
  • using personal knowledge of details to complete familiar pictures


Unit 2: Picture Sequence

Represent the order of events by

  • making a number line to represent logical progression
  • relating a number line to a time line
  • making a time line to represent daily events
  • using a time line to sequence events in a story
  • sequencing pictures to visualize a progression of events

Unit 3: Matching Pictures with Phrases

Understand that words and pictures are symbols by

  • comparing actual information and objects to their symbols
  • establishing the relationship between pictographs and symbols
  • interpreting a pictograph that conveys a message
  • connecting pictures with words

Unit 4: Titles/Main Ideas

Connect a title to the main idea by

  • analyzing a picture for main idea and details
  • expressing the main idea as a title
  • inventing a title for a story, a song, and a picture
  • selecting the title that best fits the content of a story or a picture

Unit 5: Visualizing Description

Visualize details by

  • selecting an object or person from a group, based on description
  • identifying characteristics of objects in descriptive phrases
  • locating sensory descriptive words in sentences
  • charting descriptions of objects according to the five senses
  • writing descriptive sentences

Unit 6: Comparing and Contrasting

Identify similarities and differences by

  • comparing observable characteristics of people, places, things, and events
  • identifying seasonal words and seasonal differences
  • relating the cyclical nature of the seasons to an analog clock
  • using descriptive clues in illustrations and written description to compare seasons

Unit 7: Making Inferences

Make inferences about a story by

  • identifying clues in stories that explain what happened and why it happened
  • using prior knowledge to interpret clues in the story
  • putting together clues during reading
  • analyzing a character’s motivations in a story
  • adjusting an inference as new clues are found

Unit 8: Using Context Clues to Infer

Use context clues to infer by

  • linking clues in the text with personal knowledge to interpret the meaning
  • using clue words to generate word associations
  • applying knowledge of clues and associated words to complete sentences and picture sequences
  • evaluating multiple clues in two or more related sentences
  • using the story context to supply the missing clue words

Unit 9: Synonyms and Antonyms

Define synonyms and antonyms by

  • identifying pictures/objects that are the same/different
  • recognizing words that have similar meanings
  • establishing the relatedness of similar objects or words by using a rating scale
  • locating synonyms in sentences
  • substituting synonyms for words in a sentence
  • using word associations to identify synonyms and antonyms
  • using context clues to determine synonyms and antonyms for specified words in sentences

Unit 10: Sequence in Stories

Establish a sequence of events by

  • making a time line for a sequence of events
  • putting pictures showing a sequence of events on a number line
  • arranging sentences in sequence
  • using prior knowledge about the logical progression of plot to sequence story events