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Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Grade 4

Unit 1: Understanding Topic Sentences and Main Ideas

Analyze ideas in a paragraph by

  • relating topic sentences to details
  • locating the topic sentence at the beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph
  • analyzing ideas using diagrams of paragraph structure
  • locating topic sentences in a paragraph, story, or article
  • rewriting topic sentences

Unit 2: Making Inferences

Understand the process of making inferences in fiction by

  • combining clues and personal knowledge of word meaning and events
  • revising inferences during reading to accommodate new information
  • confirming inferences by reading further
  • combining information in the text with the inferences made to draw conclusions
  • distinguishing between making inferences during reading and drawing conclusions

Unit 3: Distinguishing Between Fact and Opinion

Differentiate fact from opinion by

  • determining if statements are true for everyone or true only for some people
  • locating clues that distinguish facts from opinion statements
  • changing facts to opinions
  • understanding exaggeration
  • understanding persuasion
  • identifying statements in paragraphs as facts or opinions

Unit 4: Comparing and Contrasting

Make comparisons and understand their purpose by

  • listing similarities and differences between physical traits, character traits, and actions
  • charting similarities and differences
  • paraphrasing the information in the chart
  • using the chart to compare and contrast important ideas
  • making inferences using the comparisons

Unit 5: Using Context Clues

Use context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words by

  • understanding the function of context clues
  • identifying signal words
  • using definitions and examples as context clues
  • using comparisons and reversals as context clues
  • analyzing similes for context clues

Unit 6: Understanding the Elements of a Story

Understand how the elements of a story work together by

  • defining character, setting, and plot of a story
  • analyzing the parts of a plot: goal, obstacle, attempt, outcome, and final result
  • understanding plot lines: goal-achievement and conflict-resolution involving person against nature, person against person, and person against himself or herself (inner conflict)
  • analyzing multiple attempts by a main character to reach a goal
  • creating a plot summary

Unit 7: Analyzing Character Traits

Infer character traits by

  • analyzing behavior in relation to character traits
  • analyzing direct statement and dialogue as author techniques for expressing or implying character traits
  • identifying and determining the reasons for a character’s actions
  • using context clues to identify character traits
  • combining clues with personal knowledge of people’s actions and feelings to infer specific character traits

Unit 8: Interpreting Sensory Images, Similes, and Metaphors

Analyze the role of sensory images in figurative language by

  • defining sensory images
  • locating sensory images in descriptive prose
  • analyzing how sensory images create mental pictures and facilitate understanding
  • identifying words and phrases related to the five senses in a paragraph
  • understanding sensory images in similes and metaphors
  • comparing sensory images in similes and metaphors
  • interpreting sensory images in poetry