Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Grade 6

Unit 1: Making Inferences From Fiction

Make complex inferences about the 5Ws in fiction by

  • inferring the 5Ws (who, when, what, where, why), and how, when they are not directly stated by the author
  • identifying signal words for location and motive
  • differentiating between literal and inferential comprehension
  • inferring character social identity and relationships, settings, and plot connections
  • using clues to infer a character’s feelings and motivation
  • analyzing author’s techniques for developing characters (dialogue, action, and direct statement)
  • inferring a character’s traits from clues of seemingly contradictory feelings or behavior
  • interpreting figurative expressions that describe or compare characters and settings
  • identifying and interpreting extended metaphor in a story

Unit 2: Analyzing Paragraphs

Identify and analyze the relationships between main ideas, topic sentences, and details by

  • noting that a paragraph contains a main idea, whether or not it is stated
  • relating the topic sentence to the main idea of a paragraph
  • identifying stated topic sentences
  • inferring unstated topic sentences
  • locating topic sentences in the beginning, middle, and end of paragraphs
  • using diagrams to represent a topic sentence and its related detail sentences
  • differentiating topic sentences from introductory and concluding statements
  • predicting during reading
  • arranging sentences in a logical sequence
  • differentiating among paragraph structures according to paragraph purposes: question/answer, concept/definition, and support/hypothesis
  • inferring the main idea from related detail sentences

Unit 3: Main Character Traits

Analyze characters by

  • identifying character traits expressed through direct statements, dialogue, and action
  • differentiating traits and related details from other details in a paragraph
  • inferring traits from clues in the passage and prior knowledge
  • inferring multiple character traits
  • combining inferences about traits to write a character summary
  • analyzing nonfiction to infer traits of historical figures

Unit 4: Making Inferences from Fact

Make and support inferences from facts by

  • converting inference statements into questions
  • using questions to locate supporting data in a paragraph
  • proving a simple inference by locating a single fact
  • proving a complex inference or generalization by combining two or more supporting facts
  • making relationship inferences
  • making cause-and-effect inferences from scientific data
  • comparing inferences to derive generalizations
  • differentiating valid from invalid differences

Unit 5: Contrasting Opinions

Learn the structure of opinion paragraphs by

  • identifying contrasting opinion clues about people, places, and things
  • relating opinions to an author’s point of view
  • analyzing the introduction, the opinion statement, and the reasons
  • analyzing an argument to identify its subject and each author’s opinions and supporting reasons
  • charting opinions from a paragraph into positive and negative categories
  • comparing and contrasting opinion paragraphs
  • identifying paraphrases of opinion statements in a paragraph
  • writing paragraphs containing opinion statements