Scope & Sequence - Insights: Content Area Strategies for Grade 4

Unit 1: Locating Information in a Book

Identify and locate information by

  • understanding the form and function of the cover, title, title page, chapter heads, and table of contents
  • using the glossary to clarify the meaning of given words
  • using simple, two-level, and three-level indexes to locate specific information

Unit 2: Using the Dictionary to Find the Meanings of Words in Context

Use the dictionary to clarify meaning by

  • recognizing the features of a dictionary
  • understanding the form and function of guide words and entry words
  • using sentence context to determine which of several definitions of a word makes sense in context

Unit 3: Reading Maps and Globes

Interpret maps and globes by

  • identifying the function of a compass rose and a map legend
  • locating states, cities, state capitals, and oceans on a political map
  • measuring distances between cities by using a bar scale
  • combining information on political maps with special purpose maps showing rainfall and climate regions
  • reading latitude and longitude lines on a globe
  • measuring distances north and south of the equator, and east and west of the prime meridian

Unit 4: Using Time Lines to Make Inferences about History

Understand the purpose of historical and biographical time lines by

  • placing consecutive events in a sequence on a time line
  • representing different unit measurements on a time line
  • locating sequential information in a passage and plotting it on a time line
  • making inferences, using information on the time line
  • recognizing cause-and-effect connections between events on the time line
  • comparing events on the time line

Unit 5: Outlining to Organize Main Ideas and Details

Construct a two-level outline from written text by

  • using charts to categorize information given in paragraphs
  • applying the concept of parallel structure of an outline to organize main ideas and details
  • transferring information from a chart into outline form
  • verifying each step with an outline checklist to ensure that the outline follows proper form
  • locating the main idea and details in a selection
  • paraphrasing the information into outline form
  • writing a summary from an outline

Unit 6: Reading Charts to Locate and Compare Information

Compare information in charts by

  • organizing information into columns and rows in three- and four-column charts
  • identifying key words in questions as clues to help locate information
  • using chart entries as categories for making comparisons of attributes

Unit 7: Reading Diagrams to Combine Visual and Textual Information

Interpret information in process diagrams showing movement and stages by

  • combining information in a location or cross-section diagram with related text
  • interpreting direction symbols in a process diagram
  • understanding visual and textual representation of sequence in a stage diagram
  • using key words in questions to locate information in a diagram and related text