Scope & Sequence - Insights: Content Area Strategies for Grade 7

Unit 1: Using Books as References

Research biographical information for a report by

  • identifying and using different parts of a book – title and copyright page, preface, acknowledgments, table of contents, appendix, glossary, bibliography, and index
  • interpreting reference footnotes in books, encyclopedias, magazines, and newspapers
  • organizing notes about sources and approximately citing them in text and bibliographies
  • writing a first draft based on research notes and bibliographic references

Unit 2: Major and Minor Ideas

Identify major and minor ideas in different paragraph structures by

  • separating the levels of ideas
  • locating key words identifying major idea, minor ideas, and details
  • identifying three types of paragraph structures
  • locating the three levels of information within the different paragraph structures
  • relating paragraph structures to author’s purpose
  • identifying five types of paragraphs in which the major idea is implied: compare/contrast, conflict/resolution, problem/solution, cause/effect, and goal/outcome
  • inferring the major idea of a paragraph by establishing the relationship between the paragraph purpose and the sentences containing different levels of information
  • inferring the major idea of an article containing paragraphs with different structures

Unit 3: Outlining with Parallel Structure

Use parallel structure to organize information by

  • determining the levels of ideas in a paragraph or passage
  • relating outline structure to the levels of ideas in a book
  • using major parts of speech to create parallel structure
  • using five methods of paraphrasing
  • using an outlining strategy:
1) establish the major idea, minor ideas, and details;
2) write key word notes;
3) paraphrase key word notes and convert them to parallel structure

    Unit 4: Analyzing Facts and Opinions

    Distinguish between fact and opinion by

    • determining whether statements are testable or untestable
    • recognizing that testable statements may be true or false (true facts vs. false facts)
    • identifying fact signals: numbers, events, quotations, and specific description
    • identifying opinion signals: exaggeration, positive or negative value judgments, personal ownership, commands and suggestions
    • distinguishing fact from opinion in quotations, newspaper articles, and editorials
    • distinguishing between fact and opinion within the same statement
    • recognizing libel

    Unit 5: Summarizing Graphs and Charts

    Summarizing the data in graphs and charts by

    • reading circle, bar, and line graphs and charts and identifying their key features
    • interpreting the information in each type of graph or chart
    • comparing categories and amounts within a graph or chart
    • comparing two line or bar graphs to answer questions involving increase, decrease, and greatest total amount
    • interpreting trends in line graphs, bar graphs, and charts
    • selecting the most appropriate summary statement for a graph or chart and stating reasons for that choice
    • summarizing graphs and charts that show comparisons and trends
    • approximating amounts when graphs show amounts between indicators on the x or y dimension